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Q1. Consider the following statements with reference to the ‘portfolio’ system in colonial India

1. It was introduced by the Indian Councils Act of 1892
2. Under the ‘portfolio’ system each member of the Viceroy’s Executive Council was made in-charge of one or more departments and authorized to issue final orders on behalf of the council on matters of his department(s).
3. Lord Canning was the first to start a portfolio system in India.
4. The portfolio system was repealed by Government of India Act, 1935.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?


Q2. Which among the following principles was/were added to the Directive Principles of State Policy by the 42nd Amendment to the Constitution?

1. Equal justice and free legal aid
2. Minimize inequalities in income, status, facilities and opportunities.
3. Participation of workers in management of industries
4. Equal pay for equal work for men and women

Select the correct answer using the code given below:


Q3. Which of the following are matters on which a constitutional amendment is possible only with the ratification of the legislature of not less than one-half of the states?

1. Election of the President and its manner
2. Any of the lists in the 7th Schedule
3. Power of the Parliament to amend the Constitution and its procedure (Art- 368)
4. Directive Principle of State Policy

Select the correct answer using the code given below:


Q4. Consider the following statements

1. The writ of mandamus is available not only against judicial authorities but also against administrative authorities.
2. The writ of prohibition is issued only against judicial or quasi-judicial authorities.

Which of the statements given above is/are WRONG?


Q5. The procedure for the amendment of the Constitution as laid down in Article 368 includes

1. An amendment of the Constitution can be initiated by the introduction of a bill for the purpose in the Lok Sabha only
2. All bills introduced for the purpose are deemed to be public bills and must be introduced by a minister.
3. Prior permission of the President is not necessary to introduce the bill.
4. The bill must be passed separately in each House by a special majority.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below