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Q1. With reference to the Directive Principles of State Policy in the Indian Constitution, consider the following statements

1. These are constitutional instructions to the legislative and executive organs of only the central government.
2. These are non-justiciable in nature, that is, they are not legally enforceable by the courts for their violation.
3. They help the courts in examining and determining the constitutional validity of a law.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?


Q2. Consider the following statements with reference to Fundamental Duties

1. They are confined to citizens only and do not extend to foreigners.
2. The Parliament can provide for the imposition of appropriate penalty or punishment for failure to fulfill any of them by suitable legislation.

Which of the statements given above is/are WRONG?


Q3. Sugar Cane Farming and sugar industry is facing a severe crisis in recent times. What could be the reasons for it?

1. Due to weather vagaries, the sugar cane production has come down drastically in the past year.
2. Due to the restrictions imposed by the Centre, the sugar mills are unable to pay the Fair and Remunerative Price to the farmers.
3. The government has announced financial assistance of Rs 100 per quintal to cope up with the crisis.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?


Q4. “Queqiao” has been in news recently. Which of the following statements best describes it?

1. Equality before law is borrowed from the British Constitution.
2. Equal protection of laws owes its origin to the American Constitution.

Which of the statements given above is/are WRONG?


Q5. Recently, the 15th Finance Commission was constituted. Which of the following is among it’s terms of reference?

1. Using 2011 Census to calculate population for allocation of Union tax revenue.
2. Consider the issue of Special Status of Andhra Pradesh.
3. To reconsider the issue of devolution of 42 percent of revenue to the states.
4. To curtail the borrowing by the states.

Choose the correct option: