General Studies – GS Foundation Bach 2018-19 Schedule (Regular)

Regular Batch Schedule

TOPICS No. of Classes Duration of Programme Day
POLITY & GOVERNANCE 20 Classes 50 Hrs Monday to Thursday

Topics Covered

  • Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
  • Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
  • Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries
  • Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
  • Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
  • Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.
  • Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
  • Development processes and the development industry the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders
  • Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and
  • Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
  • Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
  • Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
  • Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.
  • Role of civil services in a democracy.

Sources to Refer

POLITY & GOVERNANCE for Constitution and polity) (Primary Sources)

  • Laxmikant, D.D Basu  VVR class notes & hand outs.
  • The Indian constitution, Cornerstone of a Nation: Granville Austin

For Polity & Governance:

  • VVR Class notes/ handouts.
  • 2nd ARC report
  • PRS legislative
  • Ministry of Finance report: Framework for ethical governance
  • Websites of different Ministries: health, women & child, HRD
  • PT/ MAINS Test series of VVR IAS
HISTORY 6 Classes


15 Hrs Monday to Thursday
6 Classes


15 Hrs Monday to Thursday
6 Classes

(Art & Culture)

4 Hrs Monday to Thursday
8 Classes

(World History)

20 Hrs Monday to Thursday
12 Classes

(Modern India)

30 Hrs Monday to Thursday
7 Classes


18 Hrs Monday to Thursday

Topics Covered


  • Ncert class 11th by R.S Sharma, VVR IAS class notes/ hand outs.
  • Early India, from origin to AD 1300, Romila Thappar.
  • Mind maps of different periods
  • Art & Culture: NIOS, CCRT, VVR IAS class notes.


  • Ncert medieval India by Satish Chandra
  • VVR class Notes 7 hand outs

Modern India:

  • Ncert class 12th. VVR IAS Notes & Handouts
  • Bipin Chandra, freedom struggle
  • Spectrum modern India
  • Post Independence by Bipin Chandra & VVR IAS notes.

World History:

  • Ncert class 9th, 10th & 12th.
  • VVR IAS Class notes & hand outs
GEOGRAPHY 20 Classes 50 Hrs Monday to Thursday

Topics Covered

  • Salient features of World’s Physical Geography.
  • Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India)
  • Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc.,  geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

Sources to Refer

  • Ncert of class 11th and 12th (old), VVR IAS Class Notes & Hand outs
  • G.C. Leong
  • Oxford Atlas and VVR Geography through Maps handouts
  • Test series of PT/ mains of VVR IAS

Topics Covered


  • Ecosystem, ecology, biomes, Bio-geography, terrestrial ecology+ forest types with maps, grassland & aquatic ecosystem (wetlands, corals etc.)
  • Biotic potential, interspecies relation adaptation.
  • Biodiversity with maps, in-situation ex-situ conservation programmes & strategies.
  • International conventions related with biodiversity and environmental protection.
  • Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
  • Sustainable development+ conventions+ policies+ current developments.
  • Pollution +Resources & Conservation, strategies, various international bodies, conventions & protocols related to pollution & resources & conservation.

Science and Technology

  • Developments in science and technology and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
  • Indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
  • Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

Disaster Management

  • Conceptual understanding and frame work agreements.
  • Reports; ARC & Ministry of home Affairs.
  • Recent issues and current updates.

Sources to Refer

Environment & Ecology

  • VVR IAS class notes & Hand outs
  • ICSE CLASS 9TH & 10TH Environment books
  • Ncert class 12th
  • PPT’s and videos of VVR IAS

Science & Technology

  • VVR IAS class notes and hand outs
  • Short videos and PPT’s
ECONOMY 20 Classes 50 Hrs Monday to Thursday

Topics Covered

  • Indian  Economy  and  issues  relating  to  planning,  mobilization  of  resources,  growth, development and employment.
  • Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
  • Government Budgeting.
  • Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers
  • Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; PublicDistribution System objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
  • Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstreamand downstream requirements, supply chain management.
  • Land reforms in India.
  • Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
  • Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc. Investment models.

Sources to Refer

  • Ncert of class 11th and 12th.
  • VVR IAS Class notes and Hand outs.
  • Mishra & Puri
  • The Hindu & Business line
  • PPT’s and short Videos of VVR IAS
  • Website of Ministry of agriculture.
ETHICS 20 Classes 50 Hrs Monday to Thursday

Topics Covered

  • Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in humanactions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships.
  • Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
  • Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behavior; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.
  • Aptitude  and  foundational  values  for  Civil  Service  ,  integrity,  impartiality  and  non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.
  • Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.
  • Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.
  • Public/Civil    service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience  as  sources  of  ethical  guidance;  accountability  and  ethical  governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance;
  • Ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance. Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information
  • Sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s. Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.
  • Case Studies on above issues.

Sources to Refer

  • Class notes and hand outs of VVR IAS
  • Mains test Series of VVR IAS
  • 2nd ARC reports
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS 8 Classes 20 Hrs Monday to Thursday

Topics Covered

  • Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests
  • Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.
  • Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate.

Sources to Refer

  • VVR IAS class notes & Hand outs.
  • Rajiv sikri: India’s foreign Policy
  • MEA website.
INTERNAL SECURITY 8 Classes 20 Hrs Monday to Thursday

Topics Covered:

  • Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
  • Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
  • Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention. Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism, Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.

Sources to Refer

  • Class notes & Hand Outs of VVR IAS
  • IDSA & Ministry of Home Affairs website
INDIAN SOCIETY 8 Classes 20 Hrs Monday to Thursday

Topics Covered

  • Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
  • Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
  • Effects of globalization on Indian society
  • Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.

Sources to Refer

  • VVR IAS Class Notes & Handouts
  • Ncert of class 11th and 12th
  • GS PT TEST SERIES for Foundation Students


  • Pre class material will be given in advance.
  • Students will be required to equipped with advance reading material to take their understanding of the topic to a whole different level.
  • “We don’t believe in wasting your previous time on mindless dictation”.
  • Learning in a two-way process: pre-class material – class discussion & tests.
  • Everyday a topic in class will be followed by 15-20 min. of test & self evaluation among students.
  • The above method is designed to make learning on active experience aligned with the current pattern of examinations to eliminate the rote learning.

Study Material features

  • Classroom study materials are designed in a way to cover all the traditional & dynamic parts of syllabus at one place keeping in line with exam pattern in progression from basic to advance.
  • Stage-wise, Pre & Post class materials to be provided to help students enhance their understanding & analytical competence.
  • Highly enriched & meticulously designed study material combined with concepts, analysis & UPSC level questions with their answers.
  • Relevant practice questions with sources will be given so that students come to class by advance reading & practice to remain ahead in their preparation.